Gruyere, a delicious cheese from Swiss cows! Learn to enjoy its complex flavors

If you’re a cheese lover, you’ve probably tried Gruyere.

But do you know why it is so delicious and versatile?

This article will tell you everything you need to know about this delicious, semi-hard Swiss cheese!

What is Gruyere?

It is a firm yellow Swiss cheese, named after the town of Gruyères in Switzerland.

The cows that provide the milk for the production of this cheese roam freely and graze in the pastures of the low Alps. This natural diet is the key to Gruyere’s characteristic taste and is therefore impossible to replicate in other regions.

A wedge of semi-hard cheese on a wooden board.

How is Gruyere made?

The production process requires a high degree of expertise combined with experience and instinct.

Swiss cheese factories are supplied with milk from free-ranging cows every day.

The process begins in large copper cauldrons where natural cultures and rennet are added. Curd is formed, which is cut and the curd is separated and allowed to drain.

The curd is then poured into molds and the cheese wheels are pressed for 20 hours, and then into the brine.

During initial storage, workers treat the cheeses daily for 3 months. After that, in order for the cheese to acquire its flavor, it needs to mature for at least 5 months in humid cellars, with some spending up to 18 months here.

How Swiss Gruyere Cheese Is Made | How It's Made | Murray's Cheese
Source: Murray’s Cheese

Nutritional values of Gruyere (per 100 g)

Calorie Carbohydrates Sugars Fats Saturated fatty acids Proteins Fiber Salt
413 calories 0.4 g 0.4 g 32 g 19 g 30 g 0 g 336 mg

How does Gruyere taste?

This cheese is known for its rich, creamy, salty and nutty taste. However, its flavor varies with age: Young cheese is distinctly creamy and nutty, while older cheese has developed an earthiness.

The body of the cheese is covered with a natural rind, which is dense in young cheeses but becomes flaky and somewhat grainy as it ages.

How do we pronounce Gruyère ?
The correct pronunciation is “groo-YAIR.”

How to prepare Gruyere?

It’s also great melted, so it’s perfect for fondues and dips (read how to make the best cheese fondue in this article )
Adds a rich creamy texture and subtle sweetness to dishes that use cheese, like these savory quiches and other gratin dishes
It’s the perfect choice for classic French dishes like croque monsieur and this French onion soup
You can also add shredded cheese to mozzarella pizza or mix it into mashed potatoes instead of cheddar
Fry potato fries with bacon and melted cheese
Stuff chicken breasts with it and serve with sauteed mushrooms
Baked toast bread with ham and melted cheese.

Wine pairing

Medium-bodied white wines:

  • Riesling Spätlese
  • Chardonnay
  • Soave
  • Sauvignon Blanc
  • Grüner Veltliner

Light red wines:

  • Pinot Noir
  • Beaujolais
  • Barbera
  • Lambrusco

Fruity red wines:

  • Merlot (France)
  • Primitivo (Italy)

Sparkling wines:

  • Prosecco
  • Sect
A painted glass of red wine along with a piece of cheese.

What can replace Gruyere cheese?

If you must use a substitute, choose another semi-hard option, such as Emmental .

Other good options include Jarlsberg , Raclette, Comté or Beaufort .

You can substitute all these cheeses in a 1:1 ratio.


To maximize its shelf life, reseal it tightly in its original packaging after opening or place it in a resealable plastic bag or airtight container.

When properly stored, an open package will last 5 to 7 days in the refrigerator.

You can also freeze the cheese, but in this process it may lose some of its texture, and it will be more suitable for cooked dishes (soups, baked pasta, sauces) than for eating on its own or as a garnish.

Seal the Gruyere tightly in its original packaging and put it in the freezer. With proper storage, it will retain its best quality for about 8 months.

Milan & Ondra

We are both fans of good food and enjoy cooking. On this website, we want to inspire you with traditional, but also less common recipes. We will be happy if you try our recipes and let us know how you liked them. Bon appetite! :)